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Native Trees Bolster Biodiversity in Landscaping

When it comes to landscaping in Northern Arizona (or anywhere else), choosing native trees is a wise decision. These trees are well-adapted to the local climate, soil and environmental conditions, making them low-maintenance and environmentally friendly.

Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa)

The ponderosa pine is a towering tree that can reach heights of 60 to 100 feet. It is known for its distinctive orange-brown bark and long needles. This tree is drought-tolerant and thrives in well-drained soils.

Ponderosa pines provide excellent shade and are a staple of Northern Arizona landscapes.

Gambel Oak (Quercus gambelii)

Gambel oak is a versatile, hardy tree that can grow as a small tree or a large shrub. It typically reaches heights of 20 to 50 feet and is known for its deeply lobed leaves that turn a beautiful golden color in the fall.

It is excellent for wildlife habitat, providing food and shelter for birds and mammals.

Arizona Cypress (Cupressus arizonica)

The Arizona cypress is a fast-growing evergreen that can reach heights of 40 to 60 feet. It has a pyramidal shape and dense, blue-green foliage. This tree is highly drought-tolerant and thrives in well-drained soils.

Arizona cypress is an excellent choice for windbreaks and privacy screens.

Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii)

Fremont cottonwood is a large deciduous tree that can grow as high as 90 feet. It has broad, heart-shaped leaves and a dense canopy. This tree is well-suited to areas with access to water, such as near streams or irrigation systems.

Fremont cottonwoods provide ample shade and have a striking golden-yellow fall color.

Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina)

The velvet mesquite is a small to medium-sized tree, reaching heights of 20 to 30 feet. It has a broad canopy and feathery, fern-like leaves. This tree is highly drought-tolerant and thrives in arid conditions.

It’s perfect for xeriscaping and adds a touch of desert beauty.

Emory Oak (Quercus emoryi)

Emory oak is a medium-sized evergreen oak that can grow up to 60 feet. It has dark green, leathery leaves and produces acorns that are an important food source for wildlife. This tree is drought-tolerant and well-suited to rocky, well-drained soils.

Emory oak is excellent for creating a natural, rustic look in the landscape.

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